Insertion sort is a simple sorting algorithm that builds the final sorted array (or list) one item at a time. However, insertion sort provides several advantages: Simple implementation: Jon Bentley shows a three-line c version, and a five-line optimized version Efficient for (quite) small data sets, much like other quadratic sorting algorithmsAdaptive, i.e., efficient for data sets that are already substantially sorted: the time complexity is O(kn) when each component in the input is no more than K places away from its sorted position Stable; i.e., makes not change the relative order of components with equal keys

To perform an insertion sort, begin at the left-most component of the array and invoke insert to insert each component encountered into its correct position. It operates by beginning at the end of the sequence and shifting each component one place to the right until a suitable position is found for the new component.

```
//sorting of array list using insertion sort
#include <stdio.h>
/*Displays the array, passed to this method*/
void display(int arr[], int n) {
int i;
for(i = 0; i < n; i++){
printf("%d ", arr[i]);
}
printf("\n");
}
/*This is where the sorting of the array takes place
arr[] --- Array to be sorted
size --- Array Size
*/
void insertionSort(int arr[], int size) {
int i, j, key;
for(i = 0; i < size; i++) {
j = i - 1;
key = arr[i];
/* Move all elements greater than key to one position */
while(j >= 0 && key < arr[j]) {
arr[j + 1] = arr[j];
j = j - 1;
}
/* Find a correct position for key */
arr[j + 1] = key;
}
}
int main(int argc, const char * argv[]) {
int n;
printf("Enter size of array:\n");
scanf("%d", &n); // E.g. 8
printf("Enter the elements of the array\n");
int i;
int arr[n];
for(i = 0; i < n; i++) {
scanf("%d", &arr[i] );
}
printf("Original array: ");
display(arr, n);
insertionSort(arr, n);
printf("Sorted array: ");
display(arr, n);
return 0;
}
```